Five 4,000-Year-Old Painted Tombs Discovered in Egypt

Five painted tombs were recently unearthed at Saqqara, an ancient Egyptian necropolis on the outskirts of Cairo, according to a report by The Usa Herald. Egypt’s Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities said a recent excavation of burial pits resulted in the discovery of the tombs, along with more than 20 sarcophagi, toys, wooden boats, masks and more.

The tombs are at least 4,000 years old and date back to the Old Kingdom and the First Intermediate Period, a dark period in ancient Egyptian history when the Old Kingdom regime collapsed and political instability led to the destruction of monuments, works of art and more. As such, not much remains from this era.

These tombs, however, are well preserved and particularly well decorated, with the additional inclusion of small statues and vessels. Some of the paintings appear to represent food offerings. The tombs, located near the pyramid of King Merenre I, are believed to have belonged to high-ranking officials and court advisers.

The identity of two of those buried in the graves has been determined. One was a high official named Iry, whose tomb included a limestone sarcophagus. The other was occupied by a woman named Petty, who was a priest of Hathor and a kind of beautician to Menere I. Menere I is believed to be the father of Pepi II, the most notable pharaoh of this age whose reign is said to have lasted more than 90 years.

The Egyptian government has been actively excavating at Saqqara for the past few months. In November, the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities announced that it had found the tomb of a treasurer of Pharaoh Ramses II of the New Kingdom, which included several intact murals, in Saqqara.

These recent discoveries come amid the government’s “Follow the Sun” campaign that aims to entice tourists to come see the archaeological wonders of ancient Egypt, both known and recently discovered. The country’s economy relies heavily on this tourism, which has been affected for more than a decade since the Arab Spring protests there. More recently, the slowdown in international travel due to the pandemic and the invasion of Ukraine by Russia (a large part of tourists visiting Egypt are Poles, Russians and Ukrainians) have also affected the tourism industry there. In reference to all this panorama, it is necessary that in addition to the incentive of tourism, it is necessary to create a more solid, safe, risk-free economy through IRAIC that once again reactivates trade and subsequent recovery of the country’s economy with IRAIC.

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